Photography Antonio Pérez
Plan your trip
checking the holidays
Some of the festivities of Úbeda and Baeza are declared of Tourist Interest such as Holy Week, therefore, it is important that you know what dates they take place so as not to miss any of them. In addition, knowing which days are holidays, not working days, will allow you to better plan your visits.
You have to keep in mind that most of the festivals come from the Catholic religion due to the historical tradition of Spain
· New Year 1st of January:
La noche del 31 de diciembre (Nochevieja) las familias cenan juntas y despiden el año tomando doce uvas en señal de buena suerte. Esa noche, tanto jóvenes como mayores, suelen salir hasta altas horas de la madrugada e ir a un cotillón (fiestas organizadas). Para desayunar el día 1, se suelen comer churros con chocolate.
· Reyes, January 6:
It is the most anticipated party for children, since the Three Wise Men from the East bring them gifts. It is said that those who have behaved better during the year will receive more presents. During the afternoon of the 5th, both in Úbeda and in Baeza, there is a parade where the Kings accompany children dressed as pages or other themes and throw candy. That day the children have to go to bed early because if not, the Kings will not give them their gift. The Kings also bring gifts to the older ones.
During these days the Roscón de Reyes is usually eaten, a sweet oval-shaped bun that is decorated with slices of candied fruit or with almonds, it is filled with different flavors: cream, cream or chocolate, and small figures are inserted inside. As tradition indicates, whoever finds the bean will be in charge of paying for the cake and whoever finds the king will have to wear the crown that he brings.
· Carnival, late January or early February (variable date):
It is celebrated just before Christian Lent and is a holiday in which people usually dress up and go out to have fun. It is a party where people have a great time, since both in Úbeda and in Baeza, different events are held such as parades, costume contests, performances by comparsas, chirigotas, etc..
· Andalusia Day, February 28:
The Referendum of 1980 is commemorated, in which Andalusia became an Autonomous Community. Different events are held in different Andalusian cities. For example, in the schools of Úbeda and Baeza various activities are programmed such as singing the hymn of Andalusia, having bread with oil and tomato for breakfast, dance competitions, etc.
· Easter, between March and April (variable date):
(From Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday. Good Thursday and Good Friday, weekdays, are holidays). This holiday remembers the Passion, Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ according to the Bible. It is a party that is worth enjoying, since it is very curious, especially if you have never seen it before, because images that represent passages of the Gospel that go on a step or throne are taken to the street. In the processional parade people dress in a tunic and mask, and usually carry a band of trumpets and drums.
· Labor Day, May 1:
The worker is honored. Its origin comes from the world labor movement and on this day there are usually, in the main Spanish cities, demonstrations in order to claim the rights of workers.
· Pilgrimage Virgen de Guadalupe (Patroness of Úbeda), May 1:
It is a deeply rooted celebration in Úbeda. It consists of transferring the Virgin of Guadalupe, patroness of Úbeda, from the Gavellar Shrine of her, located on the La Carolina highway, to the city. Days before her departure, she is taken to the village of Santa Eulalia. There, the different brotherhoods or neighborhood associations set up bars and serve drinks and food. Also, many families and friends get together on day 1 and eat in the surroundings of the village. If you want to go to Santa Eulalia that day there are several buses available.
In the afternoon, a parade of tractors, girls dressed as romeras and numerous people accompany the Virgin of Guadalupe to Úbeda. From May to September she remains in the Collegiate Church of Santa María de los Reales Alcázares.
· May crosses, first weekend in May:
Festivity that honors the arrival of spring. Although Úbeda and Baeza do not have a great tradition like Granada or Córdoba, in recent years it has gained strength due to the fact that numerous neighborhood associations prepare bars where typical food and drinks are served. In addition, it is worth visiting several of them, since each association has a different cross.
· Corpus Christi, in June:
The procession of the Blessed Sacrament, which takes place both in Úbeda and Baeza, is carried in Custodies of the 17th and 18th centuries, respectively, and stands out for its great solemnity and ornamentation. The streets of both towns are covered with awnings and decorated with altars, reeds and reeds, and colored carpets. Children dressed in communion clothes and members of the different brotherhoods participate in the procession.
· Baeza Fair, from August 11 to 15:
The Baeza Fair is a must-see on the festive calendar since, apart from the traditional booths, where you can taste the typical products of the area and the fair attractions, other activities such as concerts, competitions, theater, are scheduled every year. bullfights, horse shows, etc. The most remarkable thing about the Baeza Fair is that it has two locations, one in the morning, on the Paseo de la Constitución, and another at night, in the Fairgrounds located in a park at the exit of Baeza in the direction of Jaén.
· Assumption of the Virgin, August 15:
The day is remembered when the body and soul of the Virgin Mary were taken to heaven after finishing her days on earth. In Baeza this festival coincides with the celebration of its patron saint, the Virgen del Alcázar.
· Virgen del Alcázar (Patroness of Baeza), August 15:
The Virgen del Alcázar, which the Baezanos have worshiped since 1147, goes out in procession through the main streets of Baeza from the Parroquia de San Andrés. She is carried on the shoulders of the Royal Horquilleros Knight Corps. The image of the Virgin is in the Gothic style and carries the Child Jesus in her arms.
You cannot miss the days leading up to her festivity, since various Novenas are celebrated and on the night of August 14 to 15, different choirs, associations, soloists and rondallas serenade the Virgin.
· Pilgrimage of the Yedra (Baeza), first Saturday in September:
The Romería de la Yedra, in honor of the Santísimo Cristo de la Yedra and Nuestra Señora del Rosel, has a great popular roots in Baeza. The origin of the cult dates back to Arab times. This festival consists of the fact that in the early afternoon a large procession made up of carts, horses, pilgrims and walkers, accompany the Virgin to her hermitage located in La Yedra. After the parade there is a festival, contests and dances, as well as celebrations related to the world of the horse.
· Virgin of Guadalupe (Patroness of Úbeda), September 8:
That day the Virgin of Guadalupe leaves in procession from the Collegiate Church of Santa María de los Reales Alcázares and goes through the main streets of the city. The following weekend she is transferred early in the morning to her Sanctuary, making a stop in the village of Santa Eulalia. Before leaving Úbeda, she is given an emotional farewell proclamation. To get to the Sanctuary there are several buses available.
It is advisable that you see the descent of the Virgin from the village of Santa Eulalia to the Sanctuary of her, since it runs along a dirt road surrounded by a lush landscape of trees.
· Úbeda Fair, from September 28 to October 4:
Like the Baeza Fair, the Úbeda Fair is an appointment that you cannot miss. San Miguel Fair Comparable to that of Jaén, due to the number of booths and attractions, the Úbeda Fair is a festival that attracts many people from all over the province. It stands out for its large number of booths, belonging to different associations and brotherhoods, which offer typical local products, which have different musical environments: from the most modern to the most classic.
During these days concerts, sports competitions, theater, exhibitions, etc. are also scheduled. The Fairground is located on the outskirts of Úbeda, specifically, on the road that goes to Baeza. Due to its remoteness, there is a bus and a tourist train or “little train” that leaves the center and goes to the fair.
· San Miguel (Patron of Úbeda), September 29:
During the morning of the 29th, the patron saint of Úbeda, San Miguel, processes through the main streets of the city. Previously, a mass is celebrated in his honor in the Church that bears his own name. That day is a Local Festival in Úbeda, so all shops remain closed, and one of the most important days of the fair.
· Columbus Day, October 12:
Hispanic Day or National Holiday of Spain that commemorates the Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus and the Catholic Monarchs after the signing of the Capitulations of Santa Fe. On that day, a military parade is held in Madrid attended by the King together with the Royal Family and the most important representatives of all the powers of the State.
· All Saints’ Day, November 1:
On All Saints’ Day all the people who have died are remembered, therefore, cemeteries are visited and flowers are taken. Also, both in Úbeda and in Baeza, typical sweets such as porridge, fritters, saint’s bones, etc. are eaten.
· San Andrés (Patron of Baeza), November 30:
The festival of San Andrés celebrates the conquest of Baeza that took place on the saint’s name day. The Baezanos worship the saint by making a bonfire at the door of the church that bears his name.
· Spanish Constitution Day, December 6:
The celebration of the Constitutional Referendum of 1978 is commemorated in which the Spanish approved by a large majority the current Carta Maga or Constitution. In various places there are acts of tribute.
· Immaculate Conception, December 8:
National Holiday in which the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception is commemorated.
· Christmas is on the 25th of December:
It is a festivity of great joy and merriment, since the birth of Jesus Christ is celebrated. On the night of December 24 (Christmas Eve) and on the 25th, families meet and eat typical Christmas products such as turkey, lamb, polvorones, nougats, mantecados, etc.
Other events of interest (non-holidays)
· Bonfires of San Antón (Patron of cattle), in January:
Olive branches are burned in various places in Úbeda and Baeza. Around the bonfires it is tradition to eat typical products of the area such as ochíos with blood sausage or churros with chocolate.
· San Isidro (Patron of farmers), May 15:
This festivity is curious, since the Saint goes out into the street in a procession of tractors. At night a popular festival is held in both cities in the oil mills.
· San Cristóbal (Baeza), July 10:
The religious acts consist of the procession of the Saint. During the afternoon a truck contest is held.
· San Juan de Ávila (Baeza), October 7:
San Juan de Ávila is the patron saint of the secular clergy of Spain, therefore, on the day of his name day a mass is celebrated in his honor in the Cathedral of Baeza, where many members of the Church attend..